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FDA Requirements for Personnel Responsibilities

The regulation outlined in Title 21, Part 211, Subpart B of the Code of Federal Regulations focuses on personnel responsibilities within the framework of Current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP) for Finished Pharmaceuticals. Administered by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), this regulation emphasizes the importance of maintaining cleanliness, hygiene, and health practices among personnel engaged in the manufacture, processing, packing, or holding of drug products. By setting standards for appropriate clothing, sanitation habits, limited-access areas, and illness management, the regulation aims to prevent contamination and safeguard the safety and quality of pharmaceutical products.

Clean Clothing and Protective Apparel

To minimize the risk of contamination, personnel involved in pharmaceutical manufacturing are required to wear clean clothing suitable for their assigned duties. This requirement ensures that clothing does not introduce foreign particles or contaminants into the manufacturing environment. Additionally, when necessary, personnel must wear protective apparel such as head coverings, face masks, hand coverings, and arm coverings to provide an additional barrier of protection for drug products. These measures help prevent the introduction of contaminants and maintain the integrity of the pharmaceutical manufacturing process.

Sanitation and Health Habits

The regulation emphasizes the importance of good sanitation and health habits among personnel. This requirement ensures that personnel follow proper hygiene practices, including regular handwashing, to minimize the risk of introducing contaminants into the manufacturing process. Adherence to sanitation and health practices contributes to the overall cleanliness and integrity of the manufacturing environment, helping to uphold the quality and safety of drug products.

Limited-Access Areas

Access to certain areas of pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities may be restricted to authorized personnel only. The regulation mandates that only personnel authorized by supervisory personnel may enter these limited-access areas. By limiting access to designated areas, manufacturers can control and minimize the risk of contamination from unauthorized personnel. This measure enhances security and prevents potential cross-contamination or compromise of the manufacturing process.

Illness and Health Conditions

The regulation highlights the importance of personnel health in relation to the safety and quality of drug products. Personnel showing signs of apparent illness or open lesions that could potentially impact product safety or quality must be excluded from direct contact with components, drug product containers, closures, in-process materials, and drug products. Such individuals may only resume their duties once the condition is corrected or if competent medical personnel determine that the condition does not jeopardize product safety or quality. Furthermore, all personnel are instructed to promptly report any health conditions that may adversely affect drug products to supervisory personnel. This reporting system ensures that potential risks are promptly addressed and mitigated.


The personnel responsibilities regulation outlined in Title 21, Part 211, Subpart B of the Code of Federal Regulations underscores the significance of cleanliness, hygiene, and health practices in pharmaceutical manufacturing. By adhering to these requirements, personnel actively contribute to the prevention of contamination and help maintain the safety and quality of finished pharmaceutical products. From wearing clean clothing and protective apparel to practicing good sanitation and promptly reporting health conditions, personnel play a critical role in upholding CGMP standards and protecting public health. By following these guidelines, pharmaceutical manufacturers can ensure the integrity of their operations and maintain consumer confidence in the industry.

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